Artificial Intelligence: A Tale of Two Superpowers
1. Rule-based AI vs. Neural-based AI. Neural-based AI lets the machine learn on its own, through experiences. It requires large quantity of data and better computing power. Neural AI is rebranded into deep learning with greater computing power.
2. China has become, from copycat, an innovation in AI.
3. China’s unique online world makes it a goldmine for the kind of data that AI thrives on. Unlike Uber, Didi also owns gas stations and repair stores, which generates more useful data for the company. For WeChat, many Chinese first online experience is through smart phone, but not PC, so WeChat tries to move everything to mobile.
4. China is posed to be the top superpower when it comes to internet AI, but not business AI. Internet UI: who has larger users and data will win out. Business UI: algorithm makes better decisions. The US has longer history of business record, so the US is gaining edge.
5. China is ahead of the game in perception AI, but the US has an early lead in autonomous AI. 4th wave of AI: Perception AI: include voice and facial recognition programs, since most Chinese are willing to trade a bit of their privacy for convenience. Applications include voice activation system etc. 5th wave of AI: Autonomous AI. Higher intelligence for AI. Applications: autonomous driving cars.
6. Experts are still debating whether AI will lead to a utopia or dystopia. 47% of the jobs will be replaced in the US. Repetitive jobs are more likely to be replaced.
7. After a serious health scare, the author is hopeful that we can work in harmony with AI. AI can allow us to focus on more humane jobs that we should be doing. Jobs like caregivers and personal aides are now underpaid. Universal basic income is on the table.